Next Edge Academy

Micro Drills Overview

Bottom Position Drills
Level 1Overpass (smash pass)Through pass(baseball)
Underpass(double under)Outside (toreando)
Level 2they underpass – walk shoulders backThey outside pass – wrist control
they through pass – collar tiethey overpass – frames
Level 3they underpass – feet to their hipsThey outside pass – scoot hips back, 1/2 granby
they through pass – bottom leg/hips outthey overpass – get knees inside
Level 4they underpass – back rollthey outside pass – invert
they through pass – inverted collar tiethey overpass – hips under them

There are several types of passes but for the most part you can put passes into one of four categories. 

  1. Under Passes
  2. Over Passes
  3. Through Passes
  4. Outside Passes

What are some examples of each?

  1. Under Passes –  Double Under Pass, Gracie Guard Pass
  2. Over Passes – Leg Lace Pass, Smash Pass
  3. Through Passes – Baseball Slide, Knee Slice
  4. Outside Passes – Toreando

So how do we defend against each?

  1. Under Passes – Transition
  2. Over Passes – Frame
  3. Through Passes – Half Granby, Invert, Far Leg
  4. Outside Passes – Frame – Same Side

Which is based? 

Honestly they are all good you just need to use the right retention skill for the correct pass. 

What other factors do I need to worry about?

Timing! Timing! Timing!

  1. Timing is key. You have to start these as soon as you know that they are passing. You also have to wait at certain times to make sure it has a maximum benefit. An example would be framing on a Baseball Slide pass. You have to wait until their leg has passed your bottom leg so you can escape your leg. Time them on their transition.
  2. Make sure you are structurally sound with frames. 
  3. On Half Granbys make sure you are escaping your hips enough and swinging your legs wide
  4. On Far Leg retention stay connected with them and not over reaching your far leg
  5. On Inverted make sure you are not staying too close, let them bind you up


Learn ranges

From disengaged open guard

  • Keep elbow and knee tight
  • Recompose with your opposite leg
  • Lift your feet up with your hands in front
  • Don’t let your hips get turned create a frame on your leg with your arm and the mat
  • Don’t put your far foot on the mat

Knee cut

  • Don’t let one leg get between
  • Leg lasso and pull out leg
  • Keep arm under the knee cut leg


  • Drop the hips down
  • Keep your feet moving

Framing in BJJ

Many of these concepts are from the following videos.

 DPS Breakdowns – Full Preemptive Framing playlist

What are the levels of guard retention?

In order of defense

  1. Feet
  2. Knees
  3. Hands
  4. Hips

What is necessary for a frame? 


A Framing Arm 

Same Side Collar

Cross Side Collar

Arm Across (try to control both sleeves)

Collar Tie

Inverted Collar Tie

Bicep Grip

Belt Grip

Stiff Arm/Elbow Push

A Strong Posting Arm (On a hand for best results or an elbow)

Proper Alignment

Good Alignment

Bad Alignment

How do I create proper alignment?


  • When framing your posting arm and framing arm all need to be in the same line along with your chest and upper body. Any break in this alignment and the frame will not work

How do choose which frame to use?


  • Is it Gi or No Gi? – Obviously some of the like the collar grips will be gi dependant. All of them can be used in gi. In No gi you will use the collar tie, inverted collar tie, bicep grip and stiff arm. 
  • What type of pass is it?  
    1. Under Passes
      1. Stiff Arm/Elbow Push
    2. Over Passes
      1. Collar Tie
      2. Inverted Collar Tie
      3. Bicep Grip
      4. Belt Grip
    3. Outside Passes
      1. Same Side Collar
      2. Cross Side Collar
      3. Arm Across 
      4. Collar Tie
      5. Inverted Collar Tie
      6. Bicep Grip
  • How close are they? 
    1. Far
      1. Same Side Collar
      2. Cross Side Collar
      3. Arm Across 
      4. Bicep Grip
    2. Close
      1. Collar Tie
      2. Inverted Collar Tie
      3. Belt Grip
      4. Stiff Arm/Elbow Push

What some things I can use to get back distance?


Use your feet and knees

What are the dangers of framing?


  • Straight Arm framing with your back flat might get you armbarred. 
  • The Leg Drag is a good way to shut down framing

How do I defeat a frame? 


Break down the three pillars of framing

Posting Arm – Controlling the posting arm

Framing Arm – This should be tough but try to get a bend in their framing arm

Alignment – This can be done by 

Keeping your opponents hips trapped. In a leg drag

Shelving the opponents bottom leg so it off the ground. 

Creating a Cross face or Horsecollar Grip

How do I get a submission off of an opponent framing?




How can I use a Cross Collar grip as an armdrag?